A major part of each Gospel focuses on this one week of the earthly life of Jesus, known as The Passion Week. The reason the Gospel writers give such detail accounts of this week is because it tells the story of the Gospel: the death, burial and the resurrection of Jesus.
The writers of the four Gospels allow us to transcend time and walk with Christ to the cross.
EVENTS PRIOR TO THE PASSION WEEK
What Happened Friday: Jesus leaves Jericho after healing blind Bartimaeus and visiting in the home of Zacchaeus. (Matthew 20:29-34; Mark 10:46-52; Luke 18:35-43; 19:1-28). He arrived in Bethany just two miles from Jerusalem. It was six days before the Passover (John 12:1). Here a dinner was given in Jesus’ honor…Then Mary took a pint of an expensive perfume; she poured it on Jesus’ feet. (Matthew 26:6-13; Mark 14:3-9; John 12:1-10).
What Happened Saturday: The Jewish Sabbath. Travel was limited on the Sabbath, so probably Jesus stayed at the home of His friend Lazarus.
The Passover: Jews came from all over the world to Jerusalem for the Passover Feast. The purpose of the Passover was to remember Israel’s deliverance from Egyptian bondage. Scholars say that the city during this time had grown to more than a million people. The city is just boiling with excitement, nervousness – there is a lot going on politically and a lot going on in the religious life of the people; tension is building.
EVENTS OF THE PASSION WEEK
What Happened Sunday: The Triumphal Entry (Matthew 21:1-17; Mark 11:1-11; Luke 19:29-44; John 12:12-19).
- The prophecy of Zechariah (Zechariah 9:9).
- The shouts of Hosanna (Psalm 118:25-26).
What Happened Monday: The Cleansing of the temple (Matthew 21:10-17; Mark 11:15-18; Luke 19:45-48).
- Jesus curses the fig tree (Hosea 9:10).
- Jesus cleanses the temple to fulfill the Messianic expectation; to condemn anything that hindered people in their search for God and to denounce empty ritualism of the temple service. (Hosea 6:6; Matthew 9:13).
What Happened Tuesday: Provocative Teachings (Matthew 21:23-24:51; Mark 11:27- 13:37; Luke 21:1-36). Here we see the Master Teacher.
- His authority is questioned (Matthew 22:23-27; Mark 27-33; Luke 20:1-8).
- Jesus gives His view on taxes to Rome (Matthew 22:15-21; Mark 12:13-17; Luke 20:20-26).
- The significance of the resurrection (Matthew 22:23-33; Mark 12:18-27; Luke 20:27-38).
- The greatest commandment (Matthew 22:34-40; Mark 12:28-34).
- Jesus confronts the religious leaders in parables.
- The parable of Two Sons (Matthew 21:28-32).
- The parable of the Wedding Banquet (Matthew 22:1-14; Luke 14:16-24).
- The parables of the Ten Virgins, the Talents and the Sheep and the Goats (Matthew 25:1-46; Luke 19:12-27).
- The parable of the Tenants (Matthew 21:33-46; Mark 12:1-12; Luke 20:9-18).
- His judgments against Israel’s leaders (Matthew 23:1-36; Mark 12:38-39; Luke 20:45-46).
- Jesus mentions the widow for her giving (Mark 12:41-44).
- Jesus weeps over Jerusalem (Matthew 23:37-38).
- The Olivet Discourse (Matthew 24:1-51; Mark 13:1-37; Luke 21:5-36).
What Happened Wednesday: Jesus’ day of rest.
- Jesus probably remained in Bethany.
- Judas meets with the chief priest and plots his betrayal of Jesus (Matthew 26:14-16).
What Happened Thursday: Passover and the Last Supper (Matthew 26:17-75; Mark 14:12-26; Luke 22:7-23; John 13:1-30).
- The disciples debate about who is the greatest.
- There is a traitor among them.
- Jesus predicts Peter’s denial.
- Peter denied Jesus.
- Jesus gives a lesson on servanthood (John 13:1-13).
- Jesus teaching on the Holy Spirit (John 14, 15, 16).
- Jesus in Gethsemane (Mark 14:32-42; Luke 22:39-46).
- Jesus is betrayed by Judas and arrested by the authorities.
- Questioned by Caiaphas the high priest.
- Early in the morning Jesus is taken before Pilate.
What Happened Friday: “Good Friday” The Trial and Crucifixion (Matthew 27:1-66; Mark 15:1-47; Luke 22:66-23:56; John 18:28-19:37).
- Christ before Pilate.
- What is truth?
- Christ declared free from guilt.
- Christ sent to Herod.
- Jesus remained silent.
- Christ before Pilate the second time.
- Pilate warned by his wife.
- Barabbas is released.
- Pilate washes his hands.
- Pilate delivers Jesus to be crucified.
- Jesus is beaten and prepared for His crucifixion.
Calvary – Golgotha (which means Place of a Skull) located ¼ mile outside Jerusalem. Simon of Cyrene carries the cross.
Christ’s Crucifixion – 9:00 AM to 3:00 PM
The seven final words of Christ from the cross:
- Father, forgive them for they know not what they do.
- Today you will be with me in paradise.
- Mother, behold your son. Son, behold your mother.
- My God, My God why have you forsaken me?
- I thirst.
- It is finished!
- Father, into your hands I commit my spirit.
Supernatural phenomena accompanying Jesus’ death: Darkness, earthquake, rending of the temple veil.
Centurion “Truly this was the Son of God!” “Certainly this man was innocent”. (Matthew 27:54; Mark 15:39; Luke 23:47-49).
Joseph of Arimathea asks Pilate for the body of Jesus for burial. (Matthew 27:57; Luke 23:51).
What Happened Saturday: The body of Jesus in the tomb. Pilate dispatches a guard and tells the Jews to seal the tomb as best as they know how. (Matthew 27:65).
What Happened Sunday: Resurrection Day (Matthew 28:1-13; Mark 16:1-20; Luke 24:1-49; John 20:1-31).